Source code for tensorpack.train.base

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# File:

import copy
import time
import weakref
import tensorflow as tf

from ..compat import tfv1
from ..callbacks import Callback, Callbacks, Monitors, MonitorBase
from ..callbacks.steps import MaintainStepCounter
from ..tfutils import get_global_step_value
from ..tfutils.model_utils import describe_trainable_vars
from ..tfutils.sesscreate import NewSessionCreator, ReuseSessionCreator
from ..tfutils.sessinit import JustCurrentSession, SessionInit
from ..utils import logger
from ..utils.argtools import call_only_once
from ..utils.utils import humanize_time_delta
from .config import DEFAULT_CALLBACKS, DEFAULT_MONITORS, TrainConfig

__all__ = ['StopTraining', 'Trainer']

[docs]class StopTraining(Exception): """ An exception thrown to stop training. """ pass
class TrainLoop(object): """ Manage the double for loop. """ def __init__(self): self._epoch_num = 0 self._global_step = 0 self._local_step = -1 def config(self, steps_per_epoch, starting_epoch, max_epoch): """ Configure the loop given the settings. """ self.starting_epoch = int(starting_epoch) self.max_epoch = int(max_epoch) self.steps_per_epoch = int(steps_per_epoch) # Allow empty epoch (no steps), if we want to run the callbacks only. assert self.steps_per_epoch >= 0 and self.max_epoch >= 0 self._epoch_num = starting_epoch - 1 def update_global_step(self): """ Update the Python-side global_step from TF. This must be called under initialized default session. """ self._global_step = get_global_step_value() @property def epoch_num(self): """ The number of the currently ongoing epoch. An epoch is defined to cover the moment before calling `before_epoch` until after calling `trigger_epoch`. i.e., in the `trigger_epoch` of epoch 3, `self.epoch_num` is 3. If you need use `self.epoch_num` in your callback, you'll need to know this. """ return self._epoch_num @property def global_step(self): """ The tensorflow global_step, i.e. how many times ```` has been called. Note: 1. global_step is incremented **after** each ```` returns from TF runtime. 2. If you make zero or more than one calls to ```` in one :meth:`run_step`, local_step and global_step may increment at different speed. """ return self._global_step @property def local_step(self): """ The number of steps that have finished in the current epoch. """ return self._local_step
[docs]class Trainer(object): """ Base class for a trainer. """ is_chief = True """ Whether this process is the chief worker in distributed training. Certain callbacks will only be run by chief worker. """ sess = None """ The ``tf.Session`` object the trainer is using. Available after :meth:`initialize()`. Using ```` to evaluate tensors that depend on the training ``InputSource`` may have unexpected effect: For example, if you use ```` to evaluate a tensor that depends on the inputs coming from a ``StagingArea``, it will take a datapoint from the ``StagingArea``, making the ``StagingArea`` empty, and as a result make the training hang. """ hooked_sess = None """ The ``tf.train.MonitoredSession`` object the trainer is using. It contains all the ``before_run/after_run`` hooks the callbacks have registered. It is used for running the training iterations. Available after :meth:`initialize()`. Note that using ```` will evaluate all the hooks, just like running a training iteration. It may do the following: 1. Take a datapoint from the InputSource 2. Increase the global_step 3. Evaluate some summaries Typically you **should not** use ```` in callbacks, because it is for the "training iteration". If you just want to evaluate some tensors, use ```` if the tensors does not depend on the inputs, or more generally, use `before_run/after_run` to evaluate the tensors **along with** the training iterations. """ def __init__(self): self._callbacks = [] self.loop = TrainLoop() def _register_callback(self, cb): """ Register callbacks to the trainer. It can only be called before :meth:`Trainer.train()`. Args: cb (Callback or [Callback]): a callback or a list of callbacks Returns: succeed or not """ if isinstance(cb, (list, tuple)): for x in cb: self._register_callback(x) return assert isinstance(cb, Callback), cb assert not isinstance(self._callbacks, Callbacks), \ "Cannot register more callbacks after trainer was setup!" if not self.is_chief and cb.chief_only: logger.warn("Callback {} is chief-only, skipped.".format(str(cb))) return False else: self._callbacks.append(cb) return True register_callback = _register_callback
[docs] def run_step(self): """ Defines what to do in one iteration. The default is: ````. The behavior of each iteration can be changed by either setting ``trainer.train_op``, or overriding this method. """ if not hasattr(self, 'train_op'): raise NotImplementedError( "Please either set `Trainer.train_op` or provide an implementation " "of Trainer.run_step()!")
[docs] @call_only_once def setup_callbacks(self, callbacks, monitors): """ Setup callbacks and monitors. Must be called after the main graph is built. Args: callbacks ([Callback]): monitors ([MonitorBase]): """ assert isinstance(callbacks, list), callbacks assert isinstance(monitors, list), monitors describe_trainable_vars() # TODO weird self.register_callback(MaintainStepCounter()) for cb in callbacks: self.register_callback(cb) for cb in self._callbacks: assert not isinstance(cb, MonitorBase), "Monitor cannot be pre-registered for now!" registered_monitors = [] for m in monitors: if self.register_callback(m): registered_monitors.append(m) self.monitors = Monitors(registered_monitors) self.register_callback(self.monitors) # monitors is also a callback # some final operations that might modify the graph"Setup callbacks graph ...") self._callbacks = Callbacks(self._callbacks) self._callbacks.setup_graph(weakref.proxy(self))
[docs] @call_only_once def initialize(self, session_creator, session_init): """ Create the session and set `self.sess`. Call `self.initiailize_hooks()` Finalize the graph. It must be called after callbacks are setup. Args: session_creator (tf.train.SessionCreator): session_init (sessinit.SessionInit): """ assert isinstance(session_creator, tfv1.train.SessionCreator), session_creator assert isinstance(session_init, SessionInit), session_init session_init._setup_graph()"Creating the session ...") self.sess = session_creator.create_session() self.initialize_hooks() if self.is_chief:"Initializing the session ...") session_init._run_init(self.sess) else: if not isinstance(session_init, JustCurrentSession): logger.warn("This is not a chief worker, 'session_init' was ignored!") self.sess.graph.finalize()"Graph Finalized.")
[docs] @call_only_once def initialize_hooks(self): """ Create SessionRunHooks for all callbacks, and hook it onto `self.sess` to create `self.hooked_sess`. A new trainer may override this method to create multiple groups of hooks, which can be useful when the training is not done by a single `train_op`. """ hooks = self._callbacks.get_hooks() self.hooked_sess = tfv1.train.MonitoredSession( session_creator=ReuseSessionCreator(self.sess), hooks=hooks)
[docs] @call_only_once def main_loop(self, steps_per_epoch, starting_epoch, max_epoch): """ Run the main training loop. Args: steps_per_epoch, starting_epoch, max_epoch (int): """ with self.sess.as_default(): self.loop.config(steps_per_epoch, starting_epoch, max_epoch) self.loop.update_global_step() try: self._callbacks.before_train() # refresh global step (might have changed by callbacks) TODO ugly # what if gs is changed later? self.loop.update_global_step() for self.loop._epoch_num in range( self.loop.starting_epoch, self.loop.max_epoch + 1):"Start Epoch {} ...".format(self.loop.epoch_num)) self._callbacks.before_epoch() start_time = time.time() for self.loop._local_step in range(self.loop.steps_per_epoch): if self.hooked_sess.should_stop(): return self.run_step() # implemented by subclass self._callbacks.trigger_step() self._callbacks.after_epoch()"Epoch {} (global_step {}) finished, time:{}.".format( self.loop.epoch_num, self.loop.global_step, humanize_time_delta(time.time() - start_time))) # trigger epoch outside the timing region. self._callbacks.trigger_epoch()"Training has finished!") except (StopTraining, tf.errors.OutOfRangeError) as e:"Training was stopped by exception {}.".format(str(e))) except KeyboardInterrupt:"Detected Ctrl-C and exiting main loop.") raise except Exception: logger.error("Training failed at global_step={}".format(self.loop.global_step)) raise finally: self._callbacks.after_train() self.hooked_sess.close()
[docs] def train(self, callbacks, monitors, session_creator, session_init, steps_per_epoch, starting_epoch=1, max_epoch=9999999): """ Implemented by three lines: .. code-block:: python self.setup_callbacks(callbacks, monitors) self.initialize(session_creator, session_init) self.main_loop(steps_per_epoch, starting_epoch, max_epoch) You can call those methods by yourself to have better control on details if needed. """ self.setup_callbacks(callbacks, monitors) self.initialize(session_creator, session_init) self.main_loop(steps_per_epoch, starting_epoch, max_epoch)
[docs] def train_with_defaults( self, _sentinel=None, callbacks=None, monitors=None, session_creator=None, session_init=None, steps_per_epoch=None, starting_epoch=1, max_epoch=9999999, extra_callbacks=None): """ Same as :meth:`train()`, except: 1. Add `extra_callbacks` to callbacks. The default value for `extra_callbacks` is :meth:`DEFAULT_CALLBACKS()`. 2. Default value for `monitors` is :meth:`DEFAULT_MONITORS()`. 3. Provide default values for every option except `steps_per_epoch`. """ assert _sentinel is None, "Please call `train_with_defaults` with keyword arguments only!" callbacks = copy.copy(callbacks or []) monitors = DEFAULT_MONITORS() if monitors is None else monitors extra_callbacks = DEFAULT_CALLBACKS() if extra_callbacks is None else extra_callbacks callbacks.extend(extra_callbacks) assert steps_per_epoch is not None session_creator = session_creator or NewSessionCreator() session_init = session_init or JustCurrentSession() self.train(callbacks, monitors, session_creator, session_init, steps_per_epoch, starting_epoch, max_epoch)
def __new__(cls, *args, **kwargs): if (len(args) > 0 and isinstance(args[0], TrainConfig)) \ or 'config' in kwargs: logger.error("You're calling new trainers with old trainer API!") logger.error("See for more information.") import sys sys.exit(1) else: return super(Trainer, cls).__new__(cls)
def _get_property(name): """ Delegate property to self.loop """ ret = property( lambda self: getattr(self.loop, name)) try: ret.__doc__ = getattr(TrainLoop, name).__doc__ except AttributeError: pass return ret for name in ['global_step', 'local_step', 'steps_per_epoch', 'epoch_num', 'starting_epoch', 'max_epoch']: setattr(Trainer, name, _get_property(name))